Hirayama signal fire factory is fireworks company which Shigeo Iwata established together in Yokohama in 1877 (Meiji 10) from Jinta Hirayama and Nakatsu, Buzen of Mikawa native place.
As we received orders of fireworks from not only the country but also foreign countries, catalogue for export that was made to sell abroad is left.
We invited Takashi Sakurai of the Patent Office to lecturer in Chuo-toshokan the first floor of the basement hall on Sunday, July 31, 2011 (Heisei 23) and held lecture.
In digital archive, you can see one point of signal fire catalogue of Yokoi signal fire issuance other than one point of use illustration of six points of signal fire catalogues which Hirayama signal fire factory issued and lunch fireworks.
Digital archive Yokohama's Memory URL: https://www.lib.city.yokohama.lg.jp/Archive/ (the outside site)
Who is person who acquired foreign patent in 1 Japanese for the first time?
In 1885 (Meiji 18), Patent Monopoly Act is enforced, and it depends on patent place having been installed that patent system started in Japan. Afterwards, we join the Paris Convention in 1899 (Meiji 32) and participate in framework of international patent protection. After this Paris Convention effect, thing that it was in patent is "water pipe type boiler" which Jiro Miyahara applied for by Japanese invention applied for a patent on by the United States earliest.
Well, it is that, moreover, it applied for a patent in the United States in Japan in the times when there is not even patent system to become problem here before Japan still enters frame of international patent protection before Miyahara whether person is. After asking United States Patent and Trademark Office for reporting, there was Japanese who acquired patent in what 1883 (Meiji 16). That is Jinta Hirayama, and title of invention is "lunch firework".
Jinta Hirayama who was person who acquired American patent in Japanese for the first time in 1883 (Meiji 16) was born in Toyohashi on January 13, 1840 (Tenpo 11). We served calculation of Mikawa Yoshida feudal clan, but we go to Yokohama early and deal with various business. We establish Hirayama signal fire factory in Takashimacho in around 1877 (Meiji 10) and acquire US Patent afterwards in 16(1883) year. We moved to home town Toyohashi in 1890 (Meiji 23) and passed away at 60 years old in the ground in 1900 (Meiji 33).
It is written in "history of industrial property system 100 years" (the first book) (S59.3) that we were going to apply for a patent in the U.K. in 1877 (Meiji 10) before acquiring US Patent.
What kind of 3 invention did you take patent by?
Well, what would invention of jinta be?
According to the record of United States Patent and Trademark Office title of invention "Daylight Fire-works." It is "lunch fireworks". According to the name, artifacts such as dolls were structure which jumped out when it exploded with fireworks to put up at noon not night. Gunpowder and fuse were attached to crust which design things made with Japanese paper were filled with, and crust was released in the air when we lighted, and the contents came to be released, too.
What are 4 lunch fireworks?
Furthermore, we will see about lunch fireworks.
Hirayama signal fire factory issues fireworks catalogue for export. We possess catalogue of six kinds of seven points in Chuo-toshokan and can learn from plate which is colorful what the contents of "lunch fireworks" made with material such as paper were.
You can see the catalogue text in digital archive when we click title.
The distance until 5 patent acquisition
In the times when Japan did not have even patent system, how would jinta perform procedure for the patent acquisition of the United States?
The exchanges of documents let American proxy/agent go through, but necessary written oath visits American Kanagawa consulate in application in December, 1882 (Meiji 15) and takes signature of rice vice-consul general. In March, 1883 (Meiji 16), we apply for a patent, but this is refused by discrepancy. It made documents again, and it submitted the second in June, and it was August that it was registered patent openly.
Global strategy of 6 Meiji
Patent that Japanese applied from Japan and acquired in the United States was only three cases including one of Jinta Hirayama before Japan joined the Paris Convention. It would not be said to place that Japanese glance at that time took patent abroad still more and tied to business.
Under these circumstances, quickness of overseas business strategy that Hirayama adopted rises as pioneer of global business in Japan.