Influence on baby ... of smoking in stomach
As for the baby born from mother smoking during the pregnancy, birth weight is lighter about 200-250 grams than baby born from mother who does not smoke on the average. In addition, we are pregnant, and, by comparison between babies having the same period (gestational ages week number) when we were in stomach of mother, as for the baby born from smoking mother, birth weight tends to be light. Stillbirth and the newborn baby death (the death within 28 days after life), sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS: sudden infant death syndrome) tend to be many to baby of smoking mother. We refer to our Yokohama City Inst. of Health home pe ji for "passive smoking of child".
In the child born in the United States for 2,001-2,002 years, there is study that investigated relations with smoking of pregnant mother and outbreak of congenital finger abnormality of child (polydactyly, shoyubisho, no finger symptom, syndactylism symptom) (references 2). We checked record of 6,839,854 children born and compared 10,342 children whom congenital finger abnormality was not seen in with 5,171 children whom congenital finger abnormality (polydactyly, shoyubisho of hand and toes, no finger symptom, syndactylism symptom) was seen in as contrast. As for the baby born from mother who smoked during the pregnancy, probability that finger abnormality (polydactyly, shoyubisho of hand and toes, no finger symptom, syndactylism symptom) congenital than baby born from mother who did not smoke was seen in was high with 1.33 times (95% confidence interval 1.21-1.47;p <0.0001). Probability tends to rise so that there is much number to breathe per day. Mother is becoming pregnant, and, than case that mother does not smoke during the pregnancy, the number to breathe per day becomes higher with 1.78 times (95% confidence interval 0.97-3.26) in 1.38 times (95% confidence interval 1.12-1.71), higher than 21 with 1.29 times (95% confidence interval 1.15-1.46), 11-20 with 1-10.
Cleft lip is abnormality that abnormality, cleft palate that it is congenital, and crack is seen in to lips (lips) are congenital, and crack is seen in to palate (part equal to ceiling in mouth). Both are merged and, about cleft lip, cleft palate, may be seen and are classified in cleft palate not to include case that cleft lip and both including case that both are merged and are seen merge and are seen. Outbreak frequency of cleft lip, cleft palate is considered to be around 1-2 people for birth of 1,000 people. There are cleft lip, cleft palate and study that examined 24 research on relations with smoking of pregnant mother (references 3). As for the baby born from mother smoking during the pregnancy, probability that cleft palate that probability that cleft lip including case that cleft palate merges in comparison with baby born from mother who does not smoke is seen in does not include case that 1.34 times (95% confidence interval 1.25-1.44), cleft lip merge in is seen in is high with 1.22 times (95% confidence interval 1.10-1.35).
Influence on pregnancy ... of smoking
Smoking woman is easy to experience sterility, and the pregnancy is apt to consist of women who do not smoke late, too. In addition, after the pregnancy, abruptio placentae, the preliminary remark placenta, premature birth are easy to be caused.
Influence on nursing ... of smoking with mother's milk
There are few people nursing with mother's milk, and, about the nursing with mother's milk, mother lactation tends that there is few in smoking mothers for a short term even if we perform the nursing with mother's milk.
Influence on menstruation ... of smoking
Woman smoking in comparison with woman who does not smoke seems to be easy to become dysmenorrhea. Woman smoking in comparison with woman who does not smoke reaches menopause early on the average for about 1-2 years.
Influence on person of oral contraceptive remedy ... of smoking
Smoking oral contraceptive remedy person is easy to become coronary diseases such as angina, myocardial infarction of the heart in comparison with person who does not take oral contraceptive either without smoking. Woman intending to take oral contraceptive should not smoke.
It is ... for the prevention of adverse effects by smoking
Let's stop that we smoke. It may not be said that there is not meaning even if we stop smoking now. As for the baby who is born when smoking mother gives up smoking by first three months of the pregnancy, as for the birth weight, it is known to equal level with baby born to mother who does not smoke that it is. In addition, people around mother will stop smoking, too.
- Virginia L. Ernster, Impact of Tobacco Use on Women`s Health. ; Woman and the Tobacco Epidemic - - Challenges for the 21st Century--. Edited by Jonathan M. Samet, Soon-Young Yoon, WHO, 2001, p.1-15.
- Man, Li-Xing M.Sc.; Chang, Benjamin M.D. : Maternal Cigarette Smoking during Pregnancy Increases the Risk of Having a Child with a Congenital Digital Anomaly. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 117(1): 301-308, January 2006.
- Julian Little, Amanda Cardy, &Ronald G.Munger, Tobacco smoking and oral clefts:a meta-analysis. ; Bulletin of the World Health Organization, March 2004;82(3): p.213-218.
April 13, 2004 publication
The April 17, 2006 enlargement
The February 2, 2009 enlargement